Prostate cancer forms in the tissue of the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system.
This is the most common type of cancer in males, especially older men. An estimated 218,000 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in the United States this year.
Prostate Cancer Growth
Some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and stay confined to the prostate, while other types grow rapidly and spread to other parts of the body quickly.
If prostate cancer is caught early before it spreads, the chance of successful treatment is high.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer may not appear until later stages of the disease and may include:
- Difficulty urinating
- Frequent urination
- Blood in urine or semen
- Continual pain in pelvic area, lower back or legs
Prostate Cancer Screening
Prostate cancer screening is a controversial topic. For men with no symptoms or family history, the best approach is a discussion about the risks and benefits of screening with an expert. Clinical studies of Caucasian males without a family history or any symptoms have not shown to be beneficial.
For African American men or those with a family history of prostate cancer, we believe that there may be increased risk, and that screening should begin at the age of 40-50 years of age.
For more information about Levine Cancer Institute, call 980-442-2000.