Carolinas HealthCare System

As with other forms of cancer, treatment for bone or soft-tissue sarcomas depends on several factors such as the exact type of sarcoma, the AJCC stage, the patient's overall health, and the availability of conventional therapies and clinical trials. Since 1992, our sarcoma team – which includes oncologists, radiologists, surgeons, pathologists and rehab specialists – has used a multidisciplinary approach to cancer care, meeting weekly to discuss each cancer patient's case to tailor an individual plan from initial evaluation to treatment. Treatments include:


  • The mainstay for both bone and soft-tissue sarcomas.
  • To remove the cancer, yet maintain vital functions of a limb or an organ.
  • Performed by surgical oncologists familiar with the anatomy and surgery where the tumor is located. For sarcomas, this is commonly an orthopedic surgeon or general surgical oncologist.
  • Rarely are amputations required.


  • To shrink a tumor before surgery.
  • To help reduce the risk of recurrence after surgery.
  • To help alleviate pain or discomfort related to cancer. Performed by a radiation oncologist.


  • Systemic treatment using drugs that kill cancer cells.
  • May be used alone or in conjunction with radiation or surgery.
  • Performed by either a pediatric or adult medical oncologist, based on the patient's age.