If your prostate-specific antigen test (PSA) or digital rectal exam (DRE) is abnormal, you may need to undergo additional testing. This includes:

  • Transrectal ultrasound. A finger-sized probe is inserted into the rectum, where sound waves bounce off the prostate and create a picture.
  • Biopsy. A small sample of tissue is taken from the prostate and analyzed to see whether cancer cells are present.

If cancer is diagnosed, it is given a rating called a Gleason score. The higher the number, the more likely it is that prostate cancer could spread quickly. Additional tests will then be done to stage the disease, which indicates whether the cancer has spread within the prostate or to other parts of the body.

For more information about Levine Cancer Institute, call 980-442-2000.