Helps reduce anxiety and insomnia. Stimulates immune system. Antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, anti-viral. Relaxing, emotionally uplifting.
Safety precautions: Do not apply undiluted to the skin. Phototoxic: avoid direct sunlight for 12 hours after applying.
Assists in fighting germs and infections, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory. Calms and reduces anxiety. Commonly used in formulations for symptoms of PMS and mood swings.
Astringent and antiseptic qualities make it useful in skin care, especially for acne. Strengthens immunity, germ-fighting. Decongesting for lymph and veins. Insect repellent. Great to blend into a cream for the chest to relieve congestion and suppress coughing. Has stimulating effect on respiratory system.
Powerful muscle relaxant especially useful where tension arises from mental or emotional stress. Good for treating asthma as it relaxes spasm in bronchial tubes. Warming and antispasmodic, helps with digestive problems. Useful in preventing excessive sweating.
Safety precautions: Avoid during pregnancy.
Soothes when feeling overwhelmed, calms excessive thinking and talking, assists with grief, trauma, or transition. Useful astringent for areas of excess fluid. Add to skin care blends for oily skin. Can relieve pain and swelling of varicose veins, especially with lemon added to the blend.
Excellent oil to use in decongestant steam (mixes well with pine and tea tree) and effective in diffuser or air spray to prevent cold or flu. Beneficial for most respiratory conditions. Uplifting, clears the mind and aids in concentration. Cools and cleanses to reduce negative emotions.
Has classically been used as incense and to deepen meditation. Stimulates immune function, alleviates inflammation, numbs pain, settles digestion, and helps scars heal. Excellent for headaches and tension in neck muscles. Quiets the mind and supports focused attention and tranquility.
Can help to prevent and alleviate depression. Relieves spasms and cramps. Strengthens and restores vitality to various body systems. Can be very useful in reducing edema; for example, add to a bath or foot soak to help swollen ankles. Helps increase imagination and intuition.
Safety precautions: Some literature advises to avoid during pregnancy.
Warming properties help in cold weather concerns like rheumatism. Stimulates circulation and its antispasmodic properties bring relaxation and calming. Good for nausea caused by motion sickness, pregnancy, and chemotherapy.
Safety precautions: May cause skin irritation in those with sensitivity. Use in low dilution when applying to the skin as in baths and massage oils.
Calms, soothes, nurtures and can help prevent and alleviate depression. Has a soothing and antispasmodic effect that can assist with tight muscles, digestive problems, spasmodic coughs, menstrual cramps, insomnia, and tension headaches. Numbs pain, helps scars heal, helps with minor burns and cuts.
Useful antibacterial agent often used in household cleaning products. Immune system stimulant and can defend the body against infections. Good for reducing nausea, especially when combined with peppermint. Cleansing and uplifting. Reduces tension and depression.
Safety precautions: Phototoxic- may cause skin irritation. Use in low dilution (1%) when applying to skin in bath or massage oils.
Very warming and soothing for colds and flu. Used in insomnia blends for calming and sedative qualities. Provides immune support and emotional balance. Comforts and helps reduce obsessive thinking while it stimulates and clears the mind.
Has a warm, resinous aroma and is great to add to respiratory blends for coughs, congestion, colds, and flu. Can be used for skin issues such as athlete's foot, slow healing wounds, and eczema due to its strong anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. Calms the mind and brings inner stillness.
Used as a perfume and deodorant and has strong antibacterial effects. Excellent insect repellent and used in blends for skin conditions such as dryness, inflammation, scars, eczema, and wounds. Helps reduce nervous strain and balances an overactive mind.
Stimulates the circulatory system. Great to use in a foot bath or foot massage cream. Aids digestion when used in carrier oil and rubbed on belly. Excellent in cool compress for nausea, headaches, and travel sickness. It uplifts and stimulates the mind.
Safety precautions: May cause skin irritation. Use in low dilution (1%) when applying to the skin. Avoid using peppermint with children under 2 years old.
Great for reducing pain and headaches and useful for respiratory concerns. One of the best oils for long term healing of chronic allergies and protects against infection. Reduces fear, relieves depression, and soothes anxiety.
Safety precautions: Too strong to use with babies or young children on their faces or in a steam. Avoid using in cases of high blood pressure, epilepsy, or asthma.
Useful in respiratory blends and can be effective against mucus. Can be added to cream along with eucalyptus and frankincense and lavender and rubbed on upper chest and back to help with upper respiratory issues. Energizing and uplifting.
Safety precautions: Should be avoided in cases of epilepsy, high blood pressure, and with pregnant women.
Supports the immune system. Blends well with lavender to help relieve headaches. Known for skin healing ability-one drop of the oil added to a bowl of hot water makes a nice facial steam. Calms the nerves and acts as an antidepressant.
Relieves spasms and cramps and alleviates inflammation. Used as a moisturizer and antiseptic for skin concerns. Works well with Eucalyptus, Ravintsara, and Pine in a steam or hot bath when you feel a cold coming on. Settles the mind and breath and has grounding effect.
Often used in a steam for its decongestive, anti-inflammatory and expectorant properties. One of the few oils that is safe to use undiluted on the skin (lavender is another) on a pimple to help clear acne. Uplifts the spirit and helps strengthen confidence.
Safety precautions: May cause skin irritation in people with sensitive skin.
Digestive stimulant, useful for people with sluggish digestive systems. Stimulates circulation and raises low blood pressure. Good for people who are fatigued, depressed, or lethargic.
Helps alleviate the symptoms of shock and trauma and can slow a rapid heartbeat. Strong sedative and antispasmodic. Used in a bath, it can alleviate insomnia and reduce tension.
Safety Precautions: May cause skin irritation. Use in low dilution when applying to skin in a both or massage oil. Do not use with someone with low blood pressure.
For more information on Aromatherapy, please see our Integrative Medicine Research Library.
1. Battaglia S. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. 2nd edition, The International Centre of Holistic Aromatherapy, Australia, 2003
2. Davis P. Aromatherapy an A-Z. New revised edition C.W. Daniel Company Limited, England, 1999
3. Keville, K. Aromatherapy, A Complete Guide to the Healing Art, The Crossing press, USA, 1995
4. Mojay G. Aromatherapy for Healing the Spirit, Henry Holt and Company Inc., England, 1996
5. Price S. Aromatherapy for Health Professionals, 2nd edition, Churchill Livingstone, 1999
6. Schnaubelt K. Advanced Aromatherapy, The Science of Essential Oil Therapy, Healing Arts Press, USA, 1998
7. Tisserand R. The Art of Aromatherapy, Healing Arts Press, USA, 1977