The standard treatment for adrenal cancer and neuroendocrine tumors is surgical removal of the cancerous tissue.
Some neuroendocrine cancers, especially those occurring in the liver, can be treated using chemoembolization, a minimally invasive interventional radiology technique.
Thyroid Cancer Treatment
The primary treatment for thyroid cancer is surgery.
If your surgeon knows you have thyroid cancer before surgery, , the entire gland and possibly surrounding lymph nodes are removed.
The thyroid has two lobes, and if a patient has a thyroid nodule affecting just one lobe that is not known to be cancerous prior to surgery, only half of the gland normally needs to be removed at the time of the initial surgery.
For cases that involve the removal of only one lobe of the thyroid gland for a nodule(s) presumed benign, a pathologist evaluates the resected tissue while the patient is still in the operating room. If the nodule(s) are judged to be malignant, the surgeon may remove the entire thyroid gland at the time of the initial surgery.
Thyroid Cancer Treatment after Surgery
A few weeks after surgery, patients who had cancer receive a single oral dose of radioactive iodine to destroy any microscopic thyroid cells that may remain.
Patients who have had their entire thyroid removed (and some who have had a partial removal) need to take thyroid hormone supplements for the rest of their lives.
For more information on our Endocrine and Thyroid Cancer program, call 980-442-2000 or 800-804-9376.