In the U.S., about 10 percent of women ages 15 - 44, or about 6.1 million women, have difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a baby to term.
Infertility may be caused by an underlying medical condition that damages the fallopian tubes, interferes with ovulation, or causes hormonal complications. These medical conditions include:
Treatment for infertility should first address any underlying medical condition that may be contributing to fertility problems. If this step does not restore fertility, there are several treatment approaches:
- Lifestyle measures (such as maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, planning sexual activity with ovulation cycle)
- Drugs to induce ovulation, such as clomiphene and gonadotrophins
- Robotic evaluation for infertility such as pelvic adhesions or endometriosis
- Minimally-invasive tubal reanastomosis for previous tubal ligation.
- Assisted reproductive technologies (ART), such as intrauterine insemination (IUI)