Gynecologic Cancer Diagnosis at Levine Cancer Institute

If your healthcare provider suspects you have gynecologic cancer (ovarian, uterine, cervical, vaginal or vulvar cancer), he or she will first take a thorough medical history and perform a physical exam, including a pelvic exam, looking for any changes or growths. Depending on the type of cancer suspected, you may need any of the following tests:

  • Imaging studies such as MRI, CT scan or ultrasound
  • Pap test (in which cervical cells are studied to look for changes)
  • Biopsy (removing a portion of the tumor for evaluation under a microscope)
  • Blood tests to test for tumor markers, such as CA 125 for ovarian cancer

Following a diagnosis, the cancer will then be staged (insert staging link) to help determine the extent of the disease and the prognosis.