Carolinas HealthCare System

Gynecologic Cancer Diagnosis at Levine Cancer Institute

If your healthcare provider suspects you have gynecologic cancer (ovarian, uterine, cervical, vaginal or vulvar cancer), he or she will first take a thorough medical history and perform a physical exam, including a pelvic exam, looking for any changes or growths. Depending on the type of cancer suspected, you may need any of the following tests:

  • Imaging studies such as MRI, CT scan or ultrasound
  • Pap test (in which cervical cells are studied to look for changes)
  • Biopsy (removing a portion of the tumor for evaluation under a microscope)
  • Blood tests to test for tumor markers, such as CA 125 for ovarian cancer

Following a diagnosis, the cancer will then be staged (insert staging link) to help determine the extent of the disease and the prognosis.