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Fetoscopic surgery is a type of minimally invasive surgery. This technique is used to view a developing fetus or the placenta through a small camera (2 to 3 mm) which is passed through an incision in the mother's abdomen and uterus.
The advantage of this technique is a lower risk of complications when compared to surgeries requiring larger incisions. Fetoscopy is most commonly used to treat conditions such as twin- twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS).
In the case of TTTS, a laser fiber is passed along side of the camera to photocoagulate the abnormal placental vessels.