Carolinas HealthCare System

In 2013, members of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery published numerous peerreviewed publications. Following is a list of these accomplishments.

(Bold indicates Carolinas HealthCare System physician.)

Adult Reconstruction/Total Joint Replacement

Glebus, G.P., Feather, T.W., Hsu, J.R., Gerlinger, T.L. Return to Duty and Deployment after Major Joint Arthroplasty. Journal of Arthroplasty. 2013;28(8): 1270–1273. doi:10.1016/j.arth.2013.02.028. Epub 2013 July 3.
Sun, Y., Mauerhan, D.R., Franklin, A.M., Norton, J., Hanley, E.N., Gruber, H.E. Phosphocitrate Is Potentially a Disease-Modifying Drug for Noncrystal-Associated Osteoarthritis. BioMed Research International. 2013;2013, article ID 326267.
Sun, Y., Roberts, A., Mauerhan, D.R., Sun, A.R., Norton, H.J., Hanley, E.N. Biological Activities of Phosphocitrate: A Potential Meniscal Protective Agent. BioMed Research International. 2013;2013, article ID 726581.

Foot and Ankle

Kline, A.J., Anderson, R.B., Davis, W.H., Jones, C.P., Cohen, B.E. Minimally invasive technique versus an extensile lateral approach for intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Foot and Ankle International. 2013;34(6): 773–80. (OrthoCarolina Research Institute)
Wikstrom, E.A., Anderson, R.B. Alterations in gait initiation are present in those with posttraumatic ankle osteoarthritis: a pilot study. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 2013;29(3):245–52. (OrthoCarolina Research Institute)
Orr, J.D., Dutton, J.H., Nelson, J.R., Hsu, J.R. Indications for and Early Complications Associated With Use of Temporary Invasive Distraction for Osteochondral Graft Transfer Procedures for Treatment of Lateral Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus. Foot and Ankle International. 2013 Oct. 10. Epub ahead of print.

Hand and Wrist

Badalamente, M., Coffelt L., Elfar, J., Gaston, G., et al. Measurement Scales in Clinical Research of the Upper Extremity, Part 1: General Principles, Measures of General Health, Pain, and Patient Satisfaction. Journal of Hand Surgery. 2013;38(2):401–406. (OrthoCarolina Research Institute)
Badalamente, M., Coffelt L., Elfar, J., Gaston, G., et al. Measurement Scales in Clinical Research of the Upper Extremity, Part 2: Outcome Measures in Studies of the Hand/Wrist and Shoulder/Elbow. Journal of Hand Surgery. 2013;38(2):407–412. (OrthoCarolina Research Institute)
Malay, S., Chung, K.C.,Gaston, R.G., Ward, A.W., Lewis, D.L., Gantt, E.G., Osier, L.K., Gaul, J.S., Perlik, P.C., Chadderdon, R.C., Baker, D.S., Boatright, J.R.; Wrist and Radius Injury Surgery Trial (WRIST) Study Group. Reflections One Year into the 21 Center NIH-funded WRIST Study: A Primer on Conducting a Multicenter Clinical Trial. Journal of Hand Surgery. 2013;38(6):1194–1201. (OrthoCarolina Research Institute)

Malay, S., Chung, K.C., *Gaston, R.G., *Osier, L.K., *Ward, W.A., *Boatright, J.B., et al. The Minimal Clinically Important Difference after Simple Decompression for Ulnar Neuropathy at the Elbow. Journal of Hand Surgery. 2013;38(4):652–659. (*SUN Study Group) (OrthoCarolina Research Institute)


Das Roy, L., Curry, J.M., Sahraei, M., Besmer, D.M., Kidiyoor, A., Gruber, H.E., Mukherjee, P. Arthritis Augments Breast Cancer Metastasis: Role of Mast Cells and SCF/c-Kit Signaling. Breast Cancer Research. 2013;15:R32. content/15/2/R32. Epub 2013 April 11.
Eloyeimy, S., Ahrens, W.A., Howard, B., Patt, J.C., Stone, T., Kneisl, J.S., Bhargava, P. Clear-cell Chondrosarcoma of the Humerus. Radiology Case Reports. 2013;8(2):848.
Jackson, J.B., Kneisl, J.S. Parosteal Sarcoma of the 2nd Metatarsal—A Case Report and Review of To learn more, visit 7 the Literature. American Journal of Orthopaedics. 2013;42(12):557–560.
Livingston M., Kneisl, J.S., Anderson, P. Commentary on: Osteosarcoma Survival Differs by Gender and Age. Clinical Oncology News. 2013; Sept. 8(9):16 (Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2013;31:2303–2312, PMID: 23669227).


Brighton, B.K., Frick, S.L. Both Bone Forearm Fractures (Chapter 43). In: Orthopedic Trauma Call for the Attending Surgeon. Hak, D.J., Ipaktchi, K.R., Morgan, S.J. (Eds.), Thorofare, NJ: SLACK Incorported. 2013;347–354.
Farley, F.A., Li, Y., Gilsdorf, J.R., VanderHave, K.L., Hensinger, R.N., Speers, M., Childers, D., Caird, M.S. Postoperative Spine and VEPTR Injections in Children: A Case-Control Study. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2013;34(1):14–21.
Kelly, D.M., Heyworth, B.E., Kruse, R.W., Edmonds, E.W., VanderHave, K.L., Podeszwa, D.A., Talwalkar, V.R., Warner, W.C. (Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA) Trauma and Prevention Committee 2011–2012). Current State of Pediatric Orthopaedic Disaster Response. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2013 Oct. 29. Epub ahead of print; doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000000107.
Li, Y., Heyworth, B.E., Glotzbecker, M., Seeley, M., Suppan, C.A., Gagnier, J., VanderHave, K.L., Caird, M.S., Farley, F.A., Hedequist, D. Comparison of Titanium Elastic Nail and Plate Fixation of Pediatric Subtrochanteric Femur Fractures. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2013;33:232–238.
Sankar, W.N., Karlen, J.W., Herrera-Sota, J.A., VanderHave, K.L. The Modified Dunn Procedure for Unstable Slipped Captial Femoral Epiphysis: Early Experience and Short Term Outcomes. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 2013;95A(7):585–591
Scannell, B.P., Jackson, J.B., Bray, C., Roush, T.S., Brighton, B.K., Frick, S.F. The Perfused, Pulseless Supracondylar Humerus Fracture: Intermediate Follow-up of Vascular Status and Function. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 2013;95A(21):1913–1919.
Seeley, M.A., Knesek, M.G., VanderHave, K.L. Osteochondral Injury After Acute Patella Dislocation in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2013;33(5):511–518.
Silva, S.R., Fox, J., Speers, M., Seeley, M., Bovid, K., Farley, F.A., Vanderhave, K.L., Caird, M.S. Reliability of Measurements of Clavicle Shaft Fracture Shortening in Adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2013;33:e19–e22.
Tolhurst, S.R., VanderHave, K.L., Caird, M.S., Garton, H.L., Graziano, G.P., Maher, C.O., Hensinger, R.N., Farley, F.A. Cervical Arterial Injury After Blunt Trauma: Characterization and Advanced Imaging. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2013; 33(1):37–42.
VanderHave, K.L., Hensinger, R.N., King, B.W. Flexible Cavovarus Foot in Children and Adolescents. Foot and Ankle Clinics of North America. 2013;18(4):715–726. Verma, M., Craig, C.L., DiPietro, M.A, Crawford, J., Vanderhave, K.L., Farley, F.A., Caird, M.S. Serial Ultrasound Evaluation of Pediatric Trigger Thumb. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2013;33:309–313.

Shoulder and Elbow

Bellamy, J.L., Johnson, A.E., Beltran, M.J., Hsu, J.R. Skeletal Trauma Research Consortium (STReC). Quantification of the Exposure of the Glenohumeral Joint from the Minimally Invasive to More Invasive Subscapularis Approach to the Anterior Shoulder: A Cadaveric Study. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2013; Nov. 29. Epub ahead of print; doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2013.09.013.
Day, J.S., Baxter, R.M., Ramsey, M.L., Morrey, B.F., Connor, P.M., Kurtz, S.M., Steinbeck, M.J. Characterization of Wear in Debris in Total Elbow Arthroplasty. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2013;22(7):924–931. (OrthoCarolina Research Institute) Giladi, A.M., Gaston, R.G., Haase, S.C., Hammert, W.C., Lawton, J.N., Merrell, G.A., Nassab, P.F., Song, J.W., Yang, L.J., Chung, K.C., *Osier, L.K., *Ward, A.W., *Boatright, J.R., et al., for the Surgery of the Ulnar Nerve Study Group. Trend of Recovery after Simple Decompression for Treatment of Ulnar Neuropathy at the Elbow. Plastic Reconstructive Surgery. 2013;131(4):563e–573e. (*study group) (OrthoCarolina Research Institute)
Loeffler, B.J., Scannell, B.P., Peindl, R.D., Connor, P., Davis, D.E., Hoelscher, G.L., Norton, H.J., Hanley, E.N., Gruber, H.E. Cell-Based Tissue Engineering Augments Tendon-to-Bone Healing in a Rat Supraspinatus Model. Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 2013;31(3):407–412. doi: 10.1002/jor.22234.
Song, J.W., Waljee, J.F., Burns, P.B., Chung, K.C., Gaston, R.G., Haase, S.C., Hammert, W.C., Lawton, J.N., Merrell, G.A., Nassab, P.F., Yang, L.J., *Osier, L.K., *Ward, A.W., *Boatright, J.R., et al; Surgery for the Ulnar Nerve (SUN) Study Group. An Outcome Study for Ulnar Neuropathy at the Elbow: A Multicenter Study by the SUN Study Group. Neurosurgery. 2013;72(6):971–982. (*group study) (OrthoCarolina Research Institute)


Brigham, C.D., Capo, J. Cervical Spinal Cord Contusion in Professional Athletes. Spine. 2013;38(4):315–323. (OrthoCarolina Research Institute)
Gruber, H.E., Hoelscher, G.L., Ingram, J.A., Morton, D.S., Hanley, E.N. Human Annulus Cells Regulate PAPP-A and IGFBP-4 Expression, and Thereby Insulin-like Growth Factor Bioavailability, in Response to Proinflammatory Cytokine Exposure In Vitro. Connective Tissue Research. 2013;54(6):432–438.
Gruber, H.E., Hoelscher, G.L., Ingram, J.A., Norton, H.J., Hanley, E.N. Increased IL-17 Expression in More Degenerated Human Discs, and Increased Production in Cultured Annulus Cells Exposed to IL-1beta and TNF-alpha. Biotechnic & Histochemistry. 2013;88(6):302–310.
Gruber, H.E., Watts, J.A., Riley, F., Fulkerson, M.B. Norton, J., Hanley, E.N. Mitochondrial Bioenergetics, Mass and Morphology are Altered in Cells of the Degenerating Human Annulus. Journal of Orthopedic Research. 2013;31(8):1270–1275.

Sports Medicine

Piasecki, D.P., Verma, N. Anatomic Transtibial ACL Reconstruction. Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine. 2013;21(1):19–26. (OrthoCarolina Research Institute)
Wang, H., Fleischli, J.E., Zheng, N. Transtibial Versus Anteromedial Portal Technique in Single-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Outcomes of Knee Joint Kinematics During Walking. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2013;41(11):2481–2483. (OrthoCarolina Research Institute)


Agel, J., Evans, A.R., Marsh, J.L., Decoster, T.A., Lundy, D.W., Kellam, J.F., Jones, C.B., Desilva, G.L. The OTA Open Fracture Classification: A Study of Reliability and Agreement. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2013;27(7):379–384.
Beltran, M.J., Blair, J.A., Huh, J., Kirby, J.M., Hsu, J.R. Skeletal Trauma Research Consortium (STReC). Articular Exposure with the Swashbuckler Versus a “Mini-swashbuckler” Approach. Injury. 2013;44(2): 189–193. doi:10.1016/j.injury.2012.10.021. Epub 2012 Dec. 11.
Beltran, M.J., Blair, J.A., Rathbone, C.R., Hsu, J.R. The Gradual Expansion Muscle (GEM) Flap. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2013; April 8. Epub ahead of print.
Beltran, M.J., Collinge, C.A., Patzkowski, J.C., Masini, B.D., Blease, R.E., Hsu, J.R. Skeletal Trauma Research Consortium (STReC). Intra-articular Risks of Suprapatellar Nailing. American Journal of Orthopedics. 2012;41(12):546–550.
Blair, J.A., Owens, J.G., Saucedo, J., Hsu, J.R., Skeletal Trauma Research Consortium (STReC). Functional Rehabilitation with a Foot Plate Modification for Circular External Fixation. Foot and Ankle International. 2013;34(6):890–897. doi:10.1177/1071100713483975. Epub 2013 April 5.
Blair, J.A., Patzkowski, J.C., Blanck, R.V., Owens, J.G., Hsu, J.R., Skeletal Trauma Research Consortium (STReC). Return to Duty after Integrated Orthotic and Rehabilitation Initiative. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2013; Oct. 10. Epub ahead of print.
Cannada, L.K., Taylor, R.M., Reddix, R., Mullis, B., Moghadamian, E., Erickson, M., Southeast Fracture Consortium (Bosse, M.J.). The Jones-Powell Classification of Open Pelvic Fractures: A Multicenter Study Evaluating Mortality Rates. Journal of Trauma Acute Care Surgery. 2013;74(3):901–906.
Castillo, R.C., Wegener, S.T., Heins, S.E., Haythornthwaite, J.A., Mackenzie, E.J., Bosse, M.J., LEAP Study Group. Longitudinal Relationships Between Anxiety, Depression, and Pain: Results from a Two-Year Cohort Study of Lower Extremity Trauma Patients. Pain. 2013 Dec;154(12):2860– 2866. Epub 2013 Aug. 29; doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2013.08.025.
Ellington, J.K., Bosse, M.J., Castillo, R.C., MacKenzie, E.J., LEAP Study Group. The Mangled Foot and Ankle: Results of a 2-Year Prospective Study. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2013;27(1):43–48.
Fayaz, H.C., Haas, N., Kellam, J.K., Bavonratanavech, S., Parvizi, J., Dyer, G., Pohlemann, T., Jerosch, J., Prommersberger, K.J., Pape, H.C., Smith, M., Vrahas, M., Perka. C., Siebenrock, K., Elhassan, B., Moran, C., Jupiter, J.B. Improvement of Research Quality in the Fields of Orthopaedics and Trauma—A Global Perspective. International Orthopaedics. 2013;37(7):1205–1212. Epub 2013 May 21; doi: 10.1007/s00264-013-1897-2.
Griffin, S.M., Sims, S.H., Karunakar, M.A., Seymour, R., Haines, N. Heterotopic Ossification Rates After Acetabular Fracture Surgery Are UnchangedWithout Indomethacin Prophylaxis. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 2013;471(9): 2776–2782.
Gruber, H.E., Gettys, F.K., Montijo, H.E., Starman, J.S., Boyoumi, E., Nelson, K.J., Hoelscher, G.L., Ramp, W.K., Zinchenko, N., Ingram, Jane, A., Bosse, M.J., Kellam, J.F. Genome-wide Molecular and Biologic Characterization of Biomembrane Formation Adjacent to a Methacrylate Spacer in the Rat Femoral Segmental Defect Model. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2013;27(5):290–297.
Huh, J., Krueger, C.A., Medvecky, M.J., Hsu, J.R. Medial Elbow Exposure for Coronoid Fractures: FCUSplit Versus Over-the-Top. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2013;27(12):730–734. Epub ahead of print; doi: 10.1097/BOT.0b013e31828ba91c.
Jaeger, M., Lambert, S., Südkamp, N.P., Kellam, J.F., Madsen, J.E., Babst, R., Andermahr, J., Li, W., Audigé, L. The AO Foundation and Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) Scapula Fracture Classification System: Focus on Glenoid Fossa Involvement. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2013;22(4):512–520. Epub 2012 Sept. 28; doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2012.08.003.
Keeling, J.J., Shawen, S.B., Forsberg, J.A., Kirk, K.L., Hsu, J.R., Gwinn, D.E., Potter, B.K. Comparison of Functional Outcomes Following Bridge Synostosis with Non-bone-bridging Transtibial Combat-related Amputations. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 2013;95A(10):888–893. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.L.00423.
Kragh, J.F., San Antonio, J., Simmons, J.W., Mace, J.E., Stinner, D.J., White, C.E., Fang, R., Aden, J.K., Hsu, J.R., Eastridge, B.J., Jenkins, D.H., Ritchie, J.D., Hardin, M.O., Ritenour, A.E., Wade, C.E., Blackbourne, L.H. Compartment Syndrome Performance Improvement Project is Associated with Increased Combat Casualty Survival. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2013;74(1):259–263. doi: 10.1097/TA.0b013e31826fc71c.
Krueger, C.A., Wenke, J.C., Cho, M.S., Hsu, J.R. Common Factors and Outcome in Late UpperExtremity Amputations Following Military Injury. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2013 Aug. 1. Epub ahead of print.
Lack, W.D., Fredericks, D., Petersen, E., Donovan, M., George, M., Nepola, J., Smucker, J., Femino, J.E. Effect of Aspirin on Bone Healing in a Rabbit Ulnar Osteotomy Model. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 2013;95A(6):488–496.
Masini, B.D., Racusin, A.W., Wenke, J.C., Gerlinger, T.L., Hsu, J.R. Acute Compartment Syndrome of the Thigh in Combat Casualties. Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances. 2013;22(1):42–49.
Mautner, J.F., Bosse, M.J. Femoral Shaft Fractures (Chapter 32). In: Orthopedic Trauma Call for the Attending Surgeon. Hak, D.J., Ipaktchi, K.R., Morgan, S.J. (Eds.), Thorofare, NJ: SLACK Incorported. 2013:249–258.
Patt, J.C., Kneisl, J.S. Alternative Fixation Guidelines. In: Manual of the Management of Periprosthetic Fractures. Ruedi, T., Schuetz, M., (Eds.), Dübendorf, Switzerland: AO Publishing, 2013.
Sciadini, M.F., Sims, S.H. Proximal Tibial Intra-Articular Osteotomy for Treatment of Complex Schatzker Type IV Tibial Plateau Fractures with Lateral Joint Line Impaction: Description of Surgical Technique and Report of Nine Cases. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2013;27(1):e18–e23.
SPRINT Investigators (Bosse, M.J.), Bhandari, M., Tornetta, P., Rampersad, S.A., Sprague, S., Heels- Ansdell, D., Sanders, D.W., Schemitsch, E.H., Swiontkowski, M., Walter, S. (Sample) Size Matters! An Examination of Sample Size from the SPRINT Trial Study to Prospectively Evaluate Reamed Intramedullary Nails in Patients with Tibial Fractures. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2013;27(4):183–188. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0b013e3182647e0e.
Stinner, D.J., Hsu, J.R., Iobst, C. The Half-Pin and the Pin Tract: A Survey of the Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Society. American Journal of Orthopaedics. 2013;42(9):e68–e71.
Stinner, D.J., Kerr, G.J., Hsu, J.R. The Field Expedient Extremity Tower (FEET). American Journal of Orthopedics. 2013;42(3):132–134.