P. Daniel Patterson, PhD, MPH, MS, NRP

P. Daniel Patterson, PhD, MPH, MS, NRP

Senior Scientist
Emergency Medicine
Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Pittsburgh
Prior Positions and Experience

2015-Present
Senior Scientist - Carolinas HealthCare System Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Charlotte, NC

Adjunct Assistant Professor - University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA

2007–2014
Assistant Professor - University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA

Director of Research - Center for Emergency Medicine of Western PA, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA

2006–2007
Research Associate - Cecil G. Sheps Center, North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy

2004–2006
Post-Doctoral Research Fellow - Cecil G. Sheps Center, North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Center. Rebecca Slifkin, PhD (mentor); Thomas Ricketts, PhD (mentor)

2002–2004
Graduate Research Associate - South Carolina Rural Health Research Center, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina. Janice Probst, PhD (mentor)

Education

Undergraduate
1996–2000 - BS: Appalachian State University, Boone, NC (Health Promotions)

Graduate
2000–2001 - MPH: University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (Health Administration)
2001–2004 - PhD: University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (Health Services Policy and Management)
2007–2012 - MS: University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (Epidemiology)

Postgraduate
2004–2006 - Post-Doc: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC AHRQ-T32 (HS000032-17) (Health Services Research)
2008 - Fellowship: Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM), Emergency Medicine Patient Safety Foundation (EMPSF), Health Research & Education Trust (HRET) Patient Safety Leadership Fellowship (Patient Safety)

Research Interests

Dr. Patterson is a nationally registered paramedic (NRP) and senior scientist in the Department of Emergency Medicine at Carolinas Medical Center, part of Carolinas HealthCare System. He has completed two fellowships. In 2007 he completed a fellowship in health services research at UNC-Chapel Hill's Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research with support from an AHRQ T-32 post-doctoral fellowship. In 2008, he completed a fellowship in patient safety at the University of Pittsburgh, Department of Emergency Medicine with support from the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine and Emergency Medicine Patient Safety Foundation. From 2009 to 2014 he was supported by a KL2/K12 career training grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Center for Research Resources (NCRR).

Dr. Patterson's research interest include patient safety, worker/clinician safety, and organizational safety culture in the emergency medicine setting. Topics of particular interest include shift work, workplace fatigue and sleep health of clinicians, safety culture, teamwork amongst clinicians and team configuration/familiarity, adverse events and medical error for patients and clinicians, workplace injury. He has experience and expertise in developing and testing the reliability and validity of measurement tools for safety outcomes and factors that threaten safety. Dr. Patterson's recent research has focused on the development and testing of novel measurement tools for real-time assessment and intervention of clinician sleep, fatigue, and safety in the emergency care setting.

Recent Publications (n=13 out of more than 45)

Topic of Sleep and Fatigue

  • Patterson PD, Klapec S, Weaver MD, Guyette FX, Platt TE, Buysse DJ. Differences in paramedic fatigue before and after changing from a 24-hour to 8-hour shift schedule: A case report. Prehosp Emerg Care. ACCEPTED on 2/13/2015.
  • Patterson PD, Buysse DJ, Weaver MD, Callway CW, Yealy DM. Recovery between work shifts among Emergency Medical Services clinicians. Prehospital Emergency Care. Epub ahead of print Feb 6, 2015. PMID 25658148.
  • Patterson PD, Buysse DJ, Weaver MD, Suffoletto BP, McManigle KL, Callway CW, Yealy DM. Emergency healthcare worker sleep, fatigue, & alertness behavior survey (SFAB): Development and content validation of a survey tool. Accid Anal Prev. 2014 Dec;73:399-411. PMID: 25449415. PMCID: PMC4254576. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2014.09.028.
  • Patterson PD, Moore CG, Weaver MD, Buysse DJ, Suffoletto BP, Callaway CW, Yealy DM. Mobile phone text messaging intervention to improve alertness and reduce sleepiness and fatigue during shiftwork among emergency medicine clinicians: Study protocol for the SleepTrackTXT pilot randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2014 June 21;15(1):244. PMID 24952387.

Topic of Teams & Teamwork

  • Patterson PD, Pfeiffer AJ, Weaver MD, Krackhardt D, Arnold RM, Yealy DM, Lave JR. Network analysis of team communication in a busy emergency department. BMC Health Serv Res. 2013 Mar 22;13(1):109. PMID: 23521890. PMCID: PMC3637459 .
  • Patterson PD, Weaver MD, Weaver S, Rosen M, Todorova G, Weingart L, Krackhardt D, Lave J, Arnold R, Yealy DM, Salas E. Measuring Teamwork and Conflict among EMS Personnel. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2012;16(1):98-108. PMID 22128909. PMCID: PMC3233978.
  • Patterson PD, Arnold R, Abebe K., Lave JR, Krackhardt D, Carr M, Weaver MD, Yealy DM. Variation in Emergency Medical Technician Partner Familiarity. Health Serv Res. 2011;46(4):1319-31. PMID: 21306367. PMCID: PMC3112292.

Topic of Adverse Events in Emergency Medicine

  • Patterson PD, Lave JR, Weaver MD, Guyette FX, Arnold RM, Martin-Gill C, Rittenberger JC, Krackhardt D, Mosesso VN, Roth RN, Wadas RJ, Yealy DM. A comparative assessment of adverse event classification in the out of hospital setting. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2014;18(4):495-504. PMID 24878451.
  • Patterson PD, Lave JR, Martin-Gill C, Weaver MD, Wadas RJ, Arnold RM, Roth RN, Mosesso VN, Guyette FX, Rittenberger JC, Yealy DM. Measuring Adverse Events in Emergency Medical Services: Establishing Content Validity. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2014;18(1):35-45. PMID 24003951. PMCID: PMC4402941.
  • Patterson PD, Weaver MD, Abebe, K, Martin-Gill C, Roth R, Suyama J, Guyette F, Rittenberger J, Krackhardt D, Arnold R, Yealy DM, Lave J. Identification of Adverse Events in ground transport Emergency Medical Services. Am J Med Qual. 2012;27(2):139-46. PMID 21816967.

Topic of Safety Culture

  • Weaver MD, Wang HE, Fairbanks RJ, Patterson PD. Association between Emergency Medical Services Safety Culture and Patient and Provider Safety. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2012;16(1):43-52. PMID 21950463. PMCID: PMC3533489.
  • Patterson PD, Huang D, Fairbanks RJ, Simone, S, Weaver, M, Wang HE. Variations in Emergency Medical Services Workplace Safety Culture. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2010;14(4):448-60. PMID: 20809688. PMCID: PMC2935310.
  • Patterson PD, Huang D, Fairbanks RJ, Wang HE. The Emergency Medical Services Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. Am J Med Qual. 2010;25(2):109-15. PMID 20133519.
Current/Recent Grant Support

MedEvac Foundation
Grant Title: Real-Time Fatigue Reduction Intervention in HEMS
Role: Principal Investigator
Awarded January 2015
01/2015-12/2015

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
PAR-09-139 NIOSH Exploratory and/or Developmental Grant Program (R21)
Grant Title: Does Teamwork Mediate the Relationship between Partner Familiarity and EMT Injuries?
Role: Principal Investigators: Daniel Patterson, PhD and Donald M. Yealy, MD (University of Pittsburgh)
Grant Number: 5R21OH010025-02
2012-2015

Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA)
Grant Title: Impact of work rest ratios and fitness on performance and cardiovascular recovery
Role: Co-Investigator (PI: Dave Hostler, PhD)
Grant Number: EMW-2011-FP-00651
2012-2015

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