When injury to the hip or knee occurs, the functionality of the joint is disrupted, which impacts the intricate workings of bones, muscles, ligaments, cartilage and other structures. Fortunately, the physicians at CMC Orthopaedic Surgery are well-trained in the numerous surgical techniques and non-surgical treatment plans designed to restore function and range of motion in the hip and knee.
Commonly Treated Hip Conditions
The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint. It is a complexly designed joint which provides stability and a large amount of motion needed for daily activities like walking, squatting, and stair-climbing.
Powerful muscles connect to and cross by the hip joint, making it possible for us to accelerate quickly during actions like running and jumping. Bones in the hip include the femur (the thighbone) and the pelvis.
The top end of the femur is shaped like a ball. This ball is called the femoral head. The femoral head fits into a round socket on the side of the pelvis. This socket is called the acetabulum.
Conditions we treat:
- Degenerative joint disease
- Hip labral tears
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Traumatic arthritis
Commonly Treated Knee Conditions
The knee is the joint where two important bones meet in the leg: the femur (the thighbone) and the tibia (the shinbone). The patella (or kneecap) is made of bone and sits in front of the knee, protecting it. The knee joint is a synovial joint which means it is enclosed by a ligament capsule. The synovial joint contains a fluid called synovial fluid that lubricates the joint.
Knee problems are fairly common among people of all ages because although the knee has a somewhat unstable design, it must support the body's full weight when standing - and much more than that during walking or running.
The knee is the largest joint in the body and the most common reason patients visit an orthopedist. The knee joint is comprised of bones, cartilage, muscle, tendons, and ligaments. Due to the various supporting components, there is an array of knee diseases and injuries that can occur.
Arthritis is a disease of the knee that can take many different forms. The most technological advanced surgery available for the treatment of arthritis is joint replacement.
Knee injuries can originate from many different sources. For example, normal wear, sports injuries, and work-related injuries. It is important to get a clear diagnosis from a physician before deciding on treatment options. Diagnoses can be made by our orthopedists’ using our onsite X-ray and MRI.
Conditions we treat:
- ACL injuries
- Collateral ligament injuries
- Compartment syndrome
- Kneecap (prepatellar) bursitis
- Osgood-Schlatter disease
- Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tear
- Runner's knee (patellofemoral pain)
- Unstable kneecap
- Meniscal tear
- Knee arthroscopy
- Surgical treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee
- Total knee replacement
- Viscosupplementation treatment for arthritis
- Hamstring muscle strain
- Stress fractures
- Adolescent anterior knee pain
- Knee implants
Learn more about orthopedic conditions and Carolinas HealthCare System's orthopedic programs.