The American Brain Tumor Association reports more than 44,000 Americans are diagnosed with a primary brain tumor each year. These abnormal clusters of cells begin in the brain and usually do not spread outside of the brain or nervous system.
More than 150,000 Americans are diagnosed with a metastatic brain tumor. These tumors begin as cancer elsewhere in the body and spread to the brain or nervous system.
Types of Brain Cancer
There are two main forms of brain cancer:
- Primary brain cancer, which begins in the brain
- Metastatic brain cancer, which begins in another part of the body and spreads to the brain
Although researchers are not sure what causes brain cancer, this disease can cause many symptoms. Brain tumors are often cancerous, but not always. Regardless, due to their location in the brain, they require careful consideration of treatment options by experienced physicians.
What causes brain cancer?
Aside from certain genetic conditions and radiation exposure (such as that given for other cancers), we really aren’t sure of what causes brain cancer. Research continues on this topic.
How many types of brain cancer exist?
There are more than 100 types of brain tumors. Some are more common in adults, and some are more common in children.
What symptoms do patients with brain cancer have?
Symptoms vary considerably due to the size and location of the tumor. Some patients experience no symptoms, while others have several.
| Some examples of common symptoms include:
- Memory loss
- Personality changes
- Difficulty with concentration
- Arm or leg weakness
- Vision loss
What kind of treatment can I expect?
Treatment for brain tumors depends on many factors:
- The type of tumor
- Location of tumor
- Overall health of the patient
The most common treatment options include a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
Where can I get more information?
The best resource for reliable information is your team of physicians and nurses. We also recommend educational resources from the American Brain Tumor Association.
For more information about Levine Cancer Institute, call 980-442-2000 or 1-800-804-9376.