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Cardiovascular medications - beta-blockers


Medications
Depletions
 
Editorial Note
Supporting Research

Medications

  • Acebutolol
    • Sectral
  • Atenolol
    • Tenormin
  • Betaxolol
    • Betoptic
    • Betoptic S
    • Kerlone
  • Bisoprolol
    • Zebeta
  • Carteolol
    • Cartrol Oral
    • Ocupress Ophthalmic
  • Celiprolol
    • Celol
  • Esmolol
    • Brevibloc
  • Labetalol
    • Normodyne
    • Trandate
  • Levobetaxolol
    • Betaxon
  • Levobunolol
    • Betagan
  • Metipranolol
    • Optipranolol
  • Metoprolol
    • Lopressor
    • Toprol XL
  • Nadolol
    • Corgard
  • Penbutolol
    • Levatol
  • Pindolol
    • Visken
  • Propranolol
    • Inderal
    • Inderal LA
  • Sotalol
    • Betapace AF™
    • Betapace
  • Timolol
    • Betimol
    • Blocadren
    • Timoptic-XE
    • Timoptic
    • Timoptic OcuDose

Depletions

Coenzyme Q10

A deficiency of the antioxidant coenzyme Q10 may be associated with chronic conditions including heart disease and high blood pressure. Symptoms of deficiency include muscle weakness and pain, gingivitis, and weakened immune function.

Melatonin

Reduced levels of melatonin in the body have been associated with sleep disturbances and jet lag.

Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)

Symptoms of depleted levels of thiamine include weakness, fatigue, anorexia, constipation, memory loss, confusion, and depression. Deficiency may lead to beriberi, a condition characterized by inflammation of nerves, heart irregularities, and fluid retention.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D deficiency leads to abnormal bone formation (rickets) in children and softening of the bones (osteomalacia) in adults. Vitamin D deficiency interferes with calcium absorption, leading to deficiency of that nutrient with all of the associated symptoms, such as increased risk of fractures, osteoporosis (bone loss), and muscle weakness. More recently, vitamin D deficiency has been linked to compromised immunity, cancer, and other chronic conditions. Because this nutrient is fat soluble, prolonged periods of deficiency are required to produce these symptoms.

Editorial Note

The selected depletions information presented here identifies some of the nutrients that may be depleted by certain medications. The signs and symptoms associated with nutrient deficiency may also indicate conditions other than nutrient deficiency. If you are experiencing any of the signs or symptoms mentioned, it does not necessarily mean that you are nutrient deficient. Nutrient depletion depends upon a number of factors, including your medical history, diet, and lifestyle, as well as the length of time you have been taking the medication. Please consult your health care provider; he or she can best assess and address your individual health care needs and determine if you are at risk for nutrient depletions from these medications, as well as others not listed here.

Supporting Research

Acuna-Castroviejo D, Escames G, Rodriguez MI, Lopez LC. Melatonin role in the mitochondrial function. Front Biosci. 2007;12:947-63.

Altun A, Ugur-Altun B. Melatonin: therapeutic and clinical utilization. Int J Clin Pract. 2007;61(5):835-45.

Bonakdar RA, Guarneri E. Coenzyme Q10. Am Fam Physician. 2005;72(6):1065-70.

Dunn, SP, Bleske B, Dorsch M, Macaulay T, Van Tassell B,Vardeny O. Nutrition and heart failure: impact of drug therapies and management strategies. Nutr. Clin Pract. 2009;24(1):60-75.

Lewy AJ, Emens J, Jackman A, Yuhas K. Circadian uses of melatonin in humans. Chronobiol Int. 2006;23(1-2):403-12.

Littarru GP, Tiano L. Bioenergetic and antioxidant properties of coenzyme Q10: recent developments. Mol Biotechnol. 2007;37(1):31-7.

Muñoz-Hoyos A, Hubber E, Escames G, et al. Effect of propranolol plus exercise on melatonin and growth hormone levels in children with growth delay. J Pineal Res. 2001;30(2):75-81.

Pelton R, LaValle J, Hawkins EB, et al. Drug Induced Nutrient Depletion Handbook. Hudson, OH:LexiComp, Inc.;2001:450.

Pepe S, Marasco SF, Haas SJ, Sheeran FL, Krum H, Rosenfeldt FL. Coenzyme Q10 in cardiovascular disease. Mitochondrion. 2007;7 Suppl:S154-67.

Piccirillo JF. Melatonin. Prog Brain Res. 2007;166:331-3.

Powers HJ. Riboflavin (vitamin B-2) and health. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003;77(6):1352-60.

Quinzii CM, Hirano M, DiMauro S. CoQ10 deficiency diseases in adults. Mitochondrion. 2007;7 Suppl:S122-6.

Reiter RJ. Melatonin: clinical relevance. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003;17(2):273-85.

Rommell T, Demisch L. Influence of chronic beta-adrenoreceptor blocker treatment on melatonin secretion and sleep quality in patients with essential hypertension. J Neural Transm [Gen Sect]. 1994;95:39-48.

Young AJ, Johnson S, Steffens DC, Doraiswamy PM. Coenzyme Q10: a review of its promise as a neuroprotectant. CNS Spectr. 2007;12(1):62-8.


Review Date: 5/10/2010
Reviewed By: Steven D. Ehrlich, NMD, Solutions Acupuncture, a private practice specializing in complementary and alternative medicine, Phoenix, AZ. Review provided by VeriMed HealthCare Network.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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