Sjogren syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which the glands that produce tears and saliva are destroyed, causing dry mouth and dry eyes. However, the condition may affect many different parts of the body, including the kidneys and lungs.
The cause of Sjogren syndrome is unknown. It is an autoimmune disorder, which means the body mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. The syndrome occurs most often in women ages 40 - 50. It is rare in children.
Primary Sjogren syndrome is defined as dry eyes and dry mouth without another autoimmune disorder.
Secondary Sjogren syndrome occurs alone with another autoimmune disorder, such as:
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you develop symptoms of Sjogren syndrome.
Kruszka P, O'Brian RJ. Diagnosis and management of Sjogren syndrome. Am Fam Physician. 2009;79:465-470.
Wu AJ. Optimizing dry mouth treatment for individuals with Sjögren's syndrome. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2008 Nov;34(4):1001-10, x.
Ariel D. Teitel, M.D., M.B.A., Chief, Division of Rheumatology, St. Vincent’s Hospital, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.