Carolinas HealthCare System

Health Information - Disease

Search Health Information   
 

Lamellar ichthyosis

Definition

Lamellar ichthyosis is a rare skin condition that appears at birth and continues throughout a person's life.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Lamellar ichthyosis is passed down through families (inherited). Both parents must have at least one abnormal gene to pass it to their children.

Symptoms

A baby is born with a collodian membrane -- a shiny, waxy layer of skin that sheds within the first 2 weeks of life. Red, scaly skin remains underneath. It resembles the surface of a fish.

Treatment

Moisturizers containing urea, ammonium lactate, or other alpha-hydroxy acids may help. Also, retinoid medications such as tazarotene may be used on the skin (topically).

Gene therapy to correct the genetic defect may be possible in the future.

Complications

When the collodian membrane is shed, babies are at risk for infection.

Later in life, eye problems may occur because the eyes cannot close completely.

References

Morelli JG. Disorders of keratinization. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2007:chap 657.


Review Date: 10/10/2010
Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by Kevin Berman, MD, PhD, Atlanta Center for Dermatologic Disease, Atlanta, GA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
adam.com
 
About Carolinas HealthCare System
Who We Are
Leadership
Community Benefit
Corporate Financial Information
Diversity & Inclusion
Annual Report
Foundation
Patient Links
Pay Your Bill
Hospital Pre-Registration
Patient Rights
Privacy Policy
Financial Assistance
Quality & Value Reports
Insurance
Careers
Join Carolinas HealthCare System
Physician Careers

For Employees
Carolinas Connect
Connect with Us
Watch Carolinas HealthCare on YoutubeFollow Carolinas HealthCare on TwitterLike Carolinas HealthCare on FacebookContact Carolinas HealthCareJoin Carolinas HealthCare on LinkedInGo to our mobile website.