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Erysipeloid

Definition

Erysipeloid is inflammation of the skin (dermatitis) due to bacteria.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Erysipeloid is an infection caused by the bacteria, Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. This type of bacteria is found in fish, birds, mammals, and shellfish. It usually affects people who work with these animals (such as farmers or butchers).

Symptoms

The main symptom is warmth, tenderness, and redness on the skin.

Treatment

Oral antibiotics, especially penicillin, are given to treat this condition.

Expectations (prognosis)

The infection rarely spreads. It may get better on its own.

References

Habif TP. Bacterial infections. In: Habif TP, ed. Clinical Dermatology. 5th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:chap 9.


Review Date: 10/10/2010
Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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