Immunizations (vaccines or vaccinations) help protect you from some diseases. When you have diabetes, you need to keep your vaccinations up to date. They can prevent illnesses that can be very serious and can put you in the hospital.
Vaccines have a small, safe amount of a certain germ. This germ is often a virus or bacteria. After you get a vaccine, your body learns to attack the virus or bacteria if you get it again. This means you will not get sick. Or you may just have a milder illness.
Below are some of the vaccines you need to know about. Ask your health care provider what is right for you.
Pneumococcal vaccine can help protect you from serious infections due to the pneumococcal bacteria:
In the blood
Of the covering of the brain (meningitis)
In the lungs (pneumonia)
You need at least one shot. A second shot may be needed if:
You had the first shot more than 5 years ago and you are now over age 65.
Your immune system is weakened.
Most people have no or only minor side effects from the vaccine. You may have some pain and redness at the site where you get the shot.
This vaccine has a very small chance of a serious reaction or even death.
David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.