Patient & Visitor Alert: Because flu cases are on the rise, starting February 24, children 12 and younger
will be restricted from visiting hospitals and certain inpatient facilities throughout Carolinas HealthCare System. Learn more.

Carolinas HealthCare System

If your healthcare provider suspects you have testicular cancer, he or she will conduct a physical exam and take a thorough medical history. Other tests may include:

  • Ultrasound
  • Serum tumor marker test, a simple blood test that looks for elevated levels of particular substances in the blood, also called “tumor markers.” Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) are tumor markers used in suspected cases of testicular cancer.
  • If it’s determined that a lump is likely cancer, an inguinal orchiectomy may be performed. This surgery removes the entire testicle. A sample of its tissue is examined for cancer cells.

If cancer cells are present, they will be analyzed to determine whether the cancer is a seminoma tumor (typically not as aggressive as a nonseminoma) or a nonseminoma (which tends to grow and spread rapidly).